I ran across this cartoon: [Link]
yesterday and it occurred to me that one on the list is different: Macedonia.
The Macedonians came and conquered. Being previously a tribal people, they had a simple recipe for handling tribes who failed to cooperate: extermination. After a couple of “genocides” they had no problems except homesickness.
Everyone else was either thrown out or left in disgusted exhaustion.
The sad part of all this is that we knew all this before we went in, we knew we would fail, and the politicians and flag officers decided to go in anyway.
On the road to Third World status.