Structure Considerations

I never cease to be amazed by the Scots. Even after all the mythology is discounted. They invented whisky. They invented the industrial revolution, or at least the steam engine. They perfected the art of bag pipes. And they figured out regicide long before their southron neighbors, the English. Who probably got the whole thing by imitation and then not very well. It doesn’t say much for the English that they finally got the idea, got rid of a real tyrant, and then turned around and invited the tyrants son back to persecute them some more? If the United States of America is unready for self-government then the English are incompetent for such.

Anyway, the English have a long history of plagiarizing the Scots and then, in proper fashion, punishing them for permitting the imitation. Now it develops [Link] that they even imitated the whole henge thing from the Scots. Yes, Stonehenge, one of the great monuments of English greatness is a derivative copy of a Scots henge.

Pass the single malt. No dilution.

Speaking of the English, they do have beer. It is not as good as it used to be before the local pubs quit making their own and just started pumping corporate glop. And yes, even that is better than Ameirkan corporate glop. But what is inescapable about beer that you almost never have with whisky, is foam.

Foam is wonderful stuff. It generally consists of 0.9+ of gas, nominally air, 0.01- of liquid, nominally water, and 0.01 ish of some impurity in the water to enhance its bubbleness, especially its lifetime. Statistically, foam is a colligative of bubbles. It is the medianness of beer in that if a beer has too much, or too little foam, it is not good.

This brings up the question of what is the ideal foam? From a beer standpoint it is a large bubbled foam with definite taste. But from a physics standpoint an ideal foam can be defined in terms of its internal composition. I mention this because the classical ideal foam, which has bubbles all the same size, is a rather tired hexagonal close pack. But recently, [Link] a new, less stressed foam has been demonstrated that looks rather like the bubble equivalent of fullerene.

Probably won’t be found in beer though.

And while we’re at how things fit together, I ran across an article [Link] about a 10 year old child who was ‘playing’ with a molecule kit (balls, springs and rods) and came up with a new molecule, tetranitratoxycarbon. What is amazing about this is that the kit is accurate enough that the cobbled together obj d’art actually makes some sense from a quantum mechanical sense.

Quite frankly, the whole thing is rather local news opposite-of-sob-sister, aren’t-children-wonderful stuff. The video indicates that the molecule is symmetric which makes me rather doubt this is anything more than tinker toys artwork. But I will be looking for any news of a synthesis. As I recall these types of molecules are devilishly hard to synthesize.